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Reactions ©

1 Notes

Patentpedia Index 

3/9/2016

Patent Abstracts

52 Patent Titless

1 Topics

4 Subtopics

Notes

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xxxxxxxx   (Notes)   (Patent Titles)   (Patent Abstracts)

1 Topics

Science   (Notes 1N)   (Patent Titles)   (Patent Abstracts)

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4 Subtopics 

Catalysts  (Notes 1N)   (Patent Title 57T)(0 Patent Abstracts )

Nanoparticle Reactions   (2 Topics) (0 Subtopics) 0 Notes )   (1 Patent Titles )   (1 Patent Abstracts ) (2/25/2016)

Polymerization   2 Topics 0 Subtopics (Notes 2N)  (Patent Titles 145T)   (Patent Abstracts 2A) (2/17/2016)

Pyrolysis   (1 Topics) (0 Subtopics) (1 Notes )   (9 Patent Titles )   (4 Patent Abstracts ) (3/9/2016)

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1 Notes

1. Introduction

"A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another. Chemical reactions can be either spontaneous, requiring no input of energy, or non-spontaneous, typically following the input of some type of energy, such as heat, light or electricity. Classically, chemical reactions encompass changes that strictly involve the motion of electrons in the forming and breaking of chemical bonds, although the general concept of a chemical reaction, in particular the notion of a chemical equation, is applicable to transformations of elementary particles (such as illustrated by Feynman diagrams), as well as nuclear reactions.

The substance (or substances) initially involved in a chemical reaction are called reactants or reagents. Chemical reactions are usually characterized by a chemical change, and they yield one or more products, which usually have properties different from the reactants. Reactions often consist of a sequence of individual sub-steps, the so-called elementary reactions, and the information on the precise course of action is part of the reaction mechanism. Chemical reactions are described with chemical equations, which graphically present the starting materials, end products, and sometimes intermediate products and reaction conditions.

Different chemical reactions are used in combination in chemical synthesis in order to obtain a desired product. In biochemistry, series of chemical reactions catalyzed by enzymes form metabolic pathways, by which syntheses and decompositions impossible under ordinary conditions are performed within a cell."

(Wikipedia, Reactions, 6/8/2012)

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Copyright 2016 by Roger D. Corneliussen.
No part of this transmission is to be duplicated in any manner or forwarded by electronic mail without the express written permission of Roger D. Corneliussen

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Roger D. Corneliussen, Editor
Professor Emeritus
Materials Engineering
Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA
Editor
Maro Publications
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